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Jeffersonville: 812-406-0076
Louisville: 502-251-4649
Personal Injury Overview

Jeffersonville Personal Injury Law Blog

What are Indiana's child restraint laws?

As a parent in Indiana, it is essential that you know and follow the state's child restraint laws whenever you take your child in a vehicle. These laws are established to ensure your child is as safe as possible in the event of an accident. Furthermore, these laws are pretty much universal throughout the country, so they will also help you be compliant if you leave the state. 

According to the Indiana State Police, child restraint laws apply to all children under the age of 16. Any child under this age must wear the proper restraint, which includes seat belts, boost seats or car seats. Those older than age eight can use just a regular seat belt. Under the age of eight, your child needs to be in the proper type of child restraint.

How many injured bicyclists do emergency rooms treat?

Each year, many bicyclists are injured or even killed when they are struck by vehicles. Some bicyclists are injured off the road, of course, but many are hit by negligent drivers who are either drunk, distracted, going over the speed limit, or simply ignoring their responsibilities behind the wheel. An injured bicyclist may struggle in many ways following a collision, whether they are immobilized for a period of time or the rest of their life, struggle paying hospital costs, or have emotional trauma from the incident. As a result, it is important for bicyclists and drivers to focus on preventing these accidents and understand the magnitude of this problem.

According to the Consumer Product Safety Commission, emergency rooms saw more than 531,000 injuries that were connected to bicycle accidents during 2013. Many of these injuries were the result of a bicyclist falling off his or her bike, but 14.2 percent were caused by a bicyclist being hit by a vehicle, the second most common cause of bicyclist injuries during 2013. There are a variety of risk factors associated with these accidents, such as alcohol and drug use. When an intoxicated bicyclist or intoxicated driver take to the road, the outcome can be disastrous.

How can you safely approach a stray dog?

You are enjoying an early morning run at the park in Indiana when out of nowhere, a dog appears. Instinctively, you are probably prone to panic and startle, but as you get closer, it appears as though maybe the dog is lost. Curious as to if you can help the dog find its owner, you want to take a look at his collar. Preparing for these kinds of situations is important to help you stay safe and know how to effectively approach a stray dog without compromising your well-being. 

According to, being patient is a critical step in getting the dog to come to you. Approaching too quickly can startle the dog and send a message that you are aggressive. Once you have gotten the dog's attention by making soft, friendly sounds, hold your hand out and wait patiently for the dog to come to you. Never get down on the ground as it could put you in a very dangerous position if the dog is aggressive and decides to attack you. 

Physical and emotional trauma children experience from a dog bite

Anyone in Indiana could sustain a dog bite. However, age matters when dealing with the results. According to the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, 10 percent of the wounds that adults suffer from a dog attack are on the head and neck. However, 76 percent of children's bite wounds were to the face and neck, and most of these primarily affected the cheeks, lips and nose.

The smaller a child is, the more likely he or she is to have bites to the face, head and neck. Older children not only have a height advantage, most also have the knowledge to approach animals less aggressively and the ability to protect themselves somewhat. 

Premise liability categories and their significance

When a property owner or manager does not have safety measures in place, or management does not enforce the set measures, it can create dangerous conditions. For those who suffer an injury while on a property due to dangerous conditions, it may be possible to seek compensation. 

If you or a loved one are considering filing a claim, it is important to understand the different aspects it involves. Premise liability is a crucial part of the claims process, and there are four different categories with strong significance that claimants should be aware of.

When motorists pass bicycles in a traffic lane

Although bicycles generally move at speeds considerably slower than vehicle traffic on Indiana roadways, cyclists have the right to ride in the vehicle lane, and they are subject to all the rules of vehicle traffic. Motorists who "get stuck" behind a bicycle in traffic may be impatient waiting for a chance to pass. Unfortunately, many of them may attempt to squeeze by when there is traffic in the oncoming lane. This puts the cyclist at high risk for a sideswipe or other collision. 

According to Indiana Online Driver Improvement, it is not safe to pass a bicycle any closer than three feet. In addition, drivers should not follow closely while waiting for the opportunity to pass. It may be difficult to judge the bicycle's speed, so they should look over their shoulder to make sure they have provided enough space between the vehicle and the bicycle before they move back into the lane. 

Indiana pedestrian deaths hit a 10-year high

Each year, the Indiana Criminal Justice Institute prepares a traffic safety report of state data for the U.S. Department of Transportation and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Included in this report are the new statistics involving pedestrian fatalities. According to the numbers for 2017, there were 107 pedestrians killed, an increase of 22 over 2016, and the highest number in the past 10 years.

AAA warns pedestrians and motorists alike of the potential for these types of accidents due to alcohol and drug use. In fact, nationwide, roughly half of the pedestrian fatalities involved alcohol, and about a third of those were impaired pedestrians. Distractions such as cellphones and headphones can also compromise the focus that it takes for pedestrians to safely navigate traffic.

When you hurt your back in an auto accident

When a motor vehicle collision occurs, victims may suffer from a wide variety of injuries, such as broken bones or lacerations that result in scarring and pain. However, back injuries are particularly concerning and can upend the life of a victim in a variety of ways. If you hurt your back in a crash that recently took place, you may be struggling with a number of different challenges in the workplace and other facets of your life. However, it is important to look over any options that may be available to you, such as taking your case to court to secure compensation that you need.

Unfortunately, it is very common for car crash victims to experience back pain following a motor vehicle collision. In some instances, the pain subsides and further action is not required, while others struggle with the consequences of the crash for years. In some cases, a car accident victim may need to turn to a specialist and undergo surgery due to their injured back. If you are unsure whether or not your back was injured, it may be a good idea to have a medical professional look at your back.

What do I do if a dog bites my child?

As your child plays in your yard in Indiana, a pedestrian with an unleashed dog approaches on the sidewalk. Your child hurries toward the dog to pet it, and the animal perceives the gesture as a threat and attacks. You quickly get your child to safety, but the damage has already been done. What should you do next?

According to, not only are children between five and nine years old the most likely to sustain a dog bite, they are also the most likely to need medical attention. Experts recommend that you take your child to a health care provider or emergency department, even if the wound does not appear to be severe. Rabies is a serious threat when the dog has not had its vaccinations. If the disease is present and your child does not immediately begin rabies therapy, and then he or she develops signs of rabies, there is a high risk of death.

Factors that influence motorcycle accident rates in Indiana

It is common knowledge that motorcycle riding is dangerous, although fun. Some of it has to do with the design of the vehicle, which does not provide protection in an accident. 

However, additional factors contribute to rates of accident, injury and death among bikers. A report from the Indiana University Public Policy Institute reveals what these are.